A brave and caring mom

[Прочитать на русском] My observations of how the spider wasp Parabatozonus lacerticida (Pallas, 1771) arranges a nest with food reserves for her future larva. Once in the morning, I hiked near Dzhankhot and saw a wasp Parabatozonus lacerticida circled above the surface of ground without grass. Then it ran across the ground, then took off […]


The Papai sketches

[Прочитать на русском] I’ve been here many times. And I’m drawn to this place all the time. Papai is the most western mountain range of the Greater Caucasus, with rocky outcrops. Five major peaks (Northern Papai, Central Papai, Main Papai, Eastern Papai and Western Papai) form tht so-called «Papai Saw» with a length of about […]

Xysticus sp. Perillus bioculatus Leptinotarsa decemlineata_Krasnodar Territory_North-Western Caucasus_spider_true bug_larvae_beetle_stink bug

Two versus one

[Прочитать на русском] It is known that carnivorous the two-spotted stink bug (Perillus bioculatus) feed mainly on the larvae and eggs of the Colorado beetle. Once, during observations of these bugs, I saw such a scene: one bug and one spider-boat Xysticus sp. attacked a larva of the Colorado potato beetle at a time. Both […]

Dolichophis caspius_Krasnodar Territory_North-Western Caucasus_snake_Caspian whipsnake

The Caspian whipsnake

[Прочитать на Русском] The Caspian whipsnake (Dolichophis caspius) is widespread in South and South-Eastern Europe. This is one of the largest snakes in Europe. In length it can reach 2 m. There are specimens found up to 2.5 m long. The Caspian whipsnake prefers dry habitats: forest edges with thickets of spiny bushes, stony slopes […]

Hyla arborea schelkownikowi_Krasnodar Territory_North-Western Caucasus_tree frog

Metamorphosis of the European tree frog (Hyla arborea schelkownikowi)

[Прочитать на Русском] This subspecies is widespread in the low-mountain forests of the North Caucasus. At the end of April the tree frogs begin to multiply. The female lays several portions of eggs. The gelatinous substance, to which all debris and dirt easily adheres, protects the developing embryos from any adverse effects. The eggs are […]

Bufo bufo_Leningrad region_common toad_European toad_toad

Battle for the female

[Прочитать на Русском] Once I witnessed an extraordinary phenomenon. In late April, on the outskirts of the Menkovo village (Leningrad oblast, Russia), I observed a huge number of common toads (also known as European Toads, Bufo bufo). They were everywhere – on a plowed field, in ditches with water, they galloped along road, where they […]